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This problem trains for: SAT-I.

A circle has radius 3 and a square has side length 5. If the square is placed so that its center coincides with the center of the circle, which figure is closest to the geometry described?

The diameter of the circle is:

which is larger than the side length of the square. Therefore, the square cannot be completely exterior to the circle.

However, the diagonal of the square is larger than the diameter of the circle:

Therefore, the square cannot be completely interior to the circle.

In conclusion, part of the square is outside the circle and part of the square is inside the circle. The closest diagram is D.